Extensions for Building Information Modelling (BIM)
Construction and Facilities Management face a wave of disruption as the use of data is changing the way buildings are built as well as how they are monitored and maintained throughout their lifecycle, according to a briefing on the integration of IBM's Maximo platform with building information modelling (BIM) from BPD Zenith.
One area of transformation is known as Business information modelling or BIM. BIM is a digital representation of the physical and functional characteristics of a building. This involves capturing and delivering information generated throughout the lifecycle of a facility, benefitting not only the operators of facilities but also other business centres.
In several countries it has become mandatory to use BIM during the design and construction phases to ensure a complete and efficient handover to the building operation. Frequently this is wrapped into new financing and operating contracts.
So What can BIM actually offer?
BIM is much more than a 3D CAD drawing, it provides a powerful source of data gathered during design and construction including specifications, submittal information, finishes information, O&M manuals, panel schedules and building controls systems. As building maintenance and operations can account for over 90% of total lifecycle costs, this information can enable cost savings throughout the full lifecycle of the building and is relevant to many including procurement, owners, tenants, facility and real estate management, safety inspectors, emergency planners and space & capacity planning.
By bringing facilities engineers into the design process early in the cycle, the maintenance strategy can be incorporated into the design of the building. Whether assets are going to be run to failure or regularly maintained may change where they are located in the building and can ensure that engineers have the proper access to them.
How does BIM interact with your maintenance management system?
Building owners who are commissioning a building into production need the information in BIM to perform facilities management. The process of loading this information into your maintenance management products (like Maximo) can be costly, time consuming, and may introduce errors.
To ensure asset data amassed flows seamlessly into an organization’s asset management solution post-construction, an integration tool can be used. IBM Maximo Extension for Building Information Models provides the ability to leverage BIM data within Maximo to begin the process of maintaining the building. A 3D visualization of the full building model is generated to allow users to find assets and understand systems. This improves the efficiency of the maintenance work planning and execution process, and significantly reduces the time it takes to populate the asset register. Finally, the data, with any changes made during operations may be exported to update the model for a renovation project, or for use in other tools.
Why use BIM?
BIM leads to improved building designs based on better collaboration between different stakeholders/end-users (designers, architects, procurement, facility management). Asset register population time can be reduced from many months to a few days which in turn improves time to occupation, snagging problems, operational and health and safety improvements. Identification of problems remotely using immersive technology reduces the number of truck rolls to site. Ultimately BIM can create a reduction in maintenance costs.
How can you Leverage Value from an Investment in BIM?
- BIM can help technicians efficiently identify and perform their work, improving service and speed of delivery.
- BIM data available throughout the CMMS enables fast response to reactive requests.
- Health and safety compliance is improved through the visual tools and availability of relevant data at the right time.
- BIM provides accurate floor plans with which space managers can perform their space planning activities.
- During capital project execution, BIM data can be used to create bills of materials for procurement activities.
BIM enables a significant cost saving via a reduction of change/work orders. By having the ability to walk the customer through the 3D space, their feedback can be incorporated much earlier in the design process.
Savings can be made during the construction phase by achieving a more accurate understanding of the materials required and less wastage. Energy and environmental factors can also be improved.
BIM interface with GIS – if GIS is holding data on equipment and you know the locations, you have an opportunity to look at the routing for inspections to do it more efficiently. For example, access to where the shut off values are in case of an emergency or schematic plans for the location of the asset in service.
FM staff can become familiar with a complex building layout before setting foot on the premises or gain an understanding of a difficult to access or hazardous space.